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Baby Bottles Leach Toxic Chemical, according to New U.S. and Canadian Study

Environmental Health Groups Call for Immediate Moratorium on Bisphenol A in Baby Bottles, Food and Beverage Containers

Contacts: Mary Brune, Making Our Milk Safe (MOMS),, 510-814-0360 Janet Nudelman, Breast Cancer Fund,, 415-346-8223 x24

San Francisco — Dozens of state and national environmental health organizations in the U.S. and Canada are calling for an immediate moratorium on the use of bisphenol A (BPA) in baby bottles and other food and beverage containers, based on the results of a new study that demonstrates the toxic chemical BPA leaches from plastic baby bottles when heated.

BPA, a synthetic chemical that mimics estrogen, is used to make hard polycarbonate plastic. Ninety-five percent of all baby bottles on the market are made with BPA. The results of the U.S. study show that, when new bottles are heated, those manufactured by Avent, Evenflo, Dr. Brown’s and Disney/First Years leached between 4.7 – 8.3 parts per billion of BPA. Recent animal studies shows that BPA can be harmful by disrupting development at doses below these levels.

Results of the study, “Baby's Toxic Bottle: Bisphenol A Leaching from Popular Baby Bottles,” commissioned by Environmental Defence of Canada and researched by the laboratory of Frederick vom Saal, PhD., at the University of Missouri, contribute to a growing body of evidence that calls for immediate protective action to reduce public exposure to BPA, especially for infants and children.

BPA is one of the most pervasive chemicals in use, with more than two billion pounds produced in the U.S. every year. The myriad uses and sources of exposure, especially from children’s products, make BPA particularly dangerous to infants and young children who are more vulnerable to developmental toxicants. “For manufacturers to continue using a chemical known to leach from baby products is irresponsible,” said Mary Brune, Co-founder & Director of MOMS (Making Our Milk Safe), one of the organizations that released the report. “Parents need to have confidence that the products they’re buying are safe for their families. We’re asking for an immediate moratorium on the use of BPA in baby bottles and other food and beverage containers.”

Exposure to BPA is widespread: The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found BPA in 95% of Americans tested at levels within the range that causes harm in laboratory animals. BPA has also been found in umbilical cord blood at birth and in placental tissue. Studies conducted on laboratory animals and cell cultures have linked low doses of BPA to obesity, diabetes, thyroid disease, breast cancer, prostate cancer and other illnesses.

“It’s outrageous that manufacturers of some baby bottles are exposing little girls to BPA, a synthetic plasticizer that mimics estrogen, and possibly increasing that little girl’s risk of breast cancer later in life, especially when safe alternatives are available,” said Janet Nudelman, Director of Program and Policy for the Breast Cancer Fund.

In addition to baby bottles, BPA is used to make hard plastic that is used in some toddler sippy cups, polycarbonate water bottles including some Nalgene bottles, dental sealants, and the linings of many food and beverage cans, including all infant formulas. There are no existing federal safety standards regulating BPA, even for products used by infants and young children. Nine states have introduced legislation that would restrict the use of BPA in children’s products, including baby bottles.


The U.S. version of “Baby’s Toxic Bottle” was written by the Center for Health, Environment and Justice, and Clean Water Action, in collaboration with Environment Defence, and released in the U.S. by a broad coalition of public health and environmental non-governmental organizations including: Alliance for a Healthy Tomorrow; Boston Common Asset Management; Breast Cancer Fund; Center for Health, Environment and Justice; Clean New York; Clean Water Action; Environment America; Environmental Health Fund; Environmental Health Strategy Center; Healthy Legacy; Learning Disabilities Association of America; MOMS (Making Our Milk Safe); Oregon Environmental Council; and US PIRG.