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Phthalates

STRONG VOICES

Janet Gray, Ph.D.
Janet Gray, Ph.D.

As author of our 2008 and 2010 State of the Evidence reports, Dr. Gray drives the science behind all our work.

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Chemicals and Radiation Linked to Breast Cancer

Chemical glossary

In our daily lives we are exposed to toxic chemicals and radiation from a wide range of sources, and large and growing body of scientific evidence tells us that some of these exposures can increase breast cancer risk. Exposures to breast carcinogens—chemicals that directly cause breast cancer—are an obvious concern. But we also must pay attention to exposures to chemicals that disrupt the body’s hormones—chemicals known as endocrine-disrupting compounds—as well as to physical agents such as ionizing radiation. Below is a catalogue of chemicals and physical agents that have been linked to breast cancer. Hover over each image for a quick description or click on the image for in-depth science.

 

Key to Health Concerns

EDC=Endocrine Disrupting Compound; I-K=IARC Known carcinogen; I-PR=IARC Probable carcinogen; I-P=IARC Possible carcinogen; N-K=NTP Known carcinogen; N-RA=NTP Reasonably Anticipated carcinogen



1,3 butadiene
I-PR; N-K

2,4,5-TP
EDC

Alkylphenols
EDC

Aromatic amines
I-PR; N-K; EDC
Atrazine
Atrazine
EDC
Benzene
Benzene
I-K; N-K
Bioidentical hormones
Bioidentical hormones
EDC
BPA cans
Bisphenol A (BPA)
EDC
cows
Bovine growth hormone (rBGH/rBST)
EDC
batteries
Cadmium and other metals
I-K; N-K; EDC
termites
Chlordane, Malathion & 2,4-D
EDC; Chlordane, I-P
mosquito
DDT
I-P; N-RA; EDC
cotton
Dieldrin and Aldrin
EDC
pregnant woman
Diethylstilbestrol (DES)
I-K; N-K; EDC
dioxin factory
Dioxins
I-K; N-K; EDC

Ethylene oxide
I-K; N-K
pesticide
Heptachlor
I-P; EDC

HRT
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
I-K; Estrogen N-K; Progesterone N-RA; EDC

personal care products
Hormones in personal care products
EDC
infertility drugs
Infertility drugs
Not classified; mixed evidence
CT scan
Ionizing radiation
I-K; N-K
corn fungusMycoestrogens (Fungal estrogens)
EDC
cell phone
Non-ionizing radiation (EMFs)
Not classified; mixed evidence
birth control
Oral contraceptives
I-K; N-K; EDC
factory worker
Organic solvents
Varies
personal care products
Parabens
EDC

Perfluorooactinoic acid (PFOA)
EDC
fragrance
Phthalates  
EDC
smoke
Phytoestrogens
EDC
light at night
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs)
I-PR; N-RA; EDC
sunscreen
Polychlorinated biphenyls
I-PR; N-RA; EDC
tobacco smoke
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
I-PR; N-RA; EDC
PVC
Shift work, light at night and melatonin
I-PR
PVC
Sunscreens (UV filters) 
EDC
PVC
Tobacco smoke 
I-K, N-K, EDC
PVC
Triclosan and Triclocarban
EDC
zeranol
Vinyl chloride (PVC)
I-K; N-K
zeranol
Zeranol
EDC